Welcome To Chandigarh ,"The City Beautiful"
History of Chandigarh

Chandigarh, the dream city of India's first Prime Minister, Sh. Jawahar Lal Nehru, was planned by the famous French architect Le Corbusier. Picturesquely located at the foothills of Shivaliks, it is known as one of the best experiments in urban planning and modern architecture in the twentieth century in India.Chandigarh derives its name from the temple of "Chandi Mandir" located in the vicinity of the site selected for the city. The deity 'Chandi', the goddess of power and a fort of 'garh' laying beyond the temple gave the city its name "Chandigarh-The City Beautiful".

In March, 1948, the Government of Punjab, in consultation with the Government of India, approved the area of the foothills of the Shivaliks as the site for the new capital. The location of the city site was a part of the erstwhile Ambala district as per the 1892-93 gazetteer of District Ambala. The foundation stone of the city was laid in 1952. Subsequently, at the time of reorganization of the state on 01.11.1966 into Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pardesh, the city assumed the unique distinction of being the capital city of both, Punjab and Haryana while it itself was declared as a Union Territory and under the direct control of the Central Government.

Geology

The Union Territory of Chandigarh is located in the foothills of the Shivalik hill ranges in the north, which form a part of the fragile Himalayan ecosystem. It is occupied by Kandi (Bhabhar) in the north east and Sirowal (Tarai) and alluvial plains in the remaining part. The subsurface formation comprises of beds of boulders, pebbles, gravel, sand, silt, clays and some kankar. The area is drained by two seasonal rivulets viz. Sukhna Choe in the east and Patiala-Ki-Rao Choe in the west. The central part forms a surface water divide and has two minor streams. The stream passing through the central part is called N-Choe and the other is Choe Nala which initiates at Sector 29.

The Master Plan of Chandigarh

Le Corbusier conceived the master plan of Chandigarh as analogous to human body, with a clearly defined head (the Capital Complex, Sector 1), heart (the City Centre Sector-17), lungs ( the leisure valley, innumerable open spaces and sector greens), the intellect (the cultural and educational institutions), the circulatory system (the network of roads, the 7Vs) and the viscera (the Industrial Area). The concept of the city is based on four major functions: living, working, care of the body and spirit and circulation. Residential sectors constitute the living part whereas the Capitol Complex, City Centre, Educational Zone (Post Graduate Institute, Punjab Engineering College, Panjab University) and the Industrial Area constitute the working part. The Leisure Valley, Gardens, Sector Greens and Open Courtyards etc. are for the care of body and spirit. The circulation system comprises of 7 different types of roads known as 7Vs. Later on, a pathway for cyclists called V8 were added to this circulation system.

Tourism

The word tourism defines tourists, as people who travel to and stay in other places outside the usual environment. During vacations many outside tourist came and visit the india. There are many things to see in Chandigarh like Sukhna Lake, Rock Garden, Rose Garden, Sector 17(Markets).

Sukhna lake

The Sukhna lake is situated in Sector 1 Chandigarh. In order to promote eco-tourism, it had been decided to replace the four-streyed tower on the island, which is used during the annual rowing event conducted at the lake, with a temporary structure. The lake also has a full length watercourse, developed in 1989 along with the tower when the city hosted the Asian Championship in 1989. All outside tourist come and visit the lake and this is the perfect place to go for boating and this is also a bird watchers paradise. The lake is a very popular for the picnic sport. The towers are an eyesore to visitors.

Rock Garden

A Rock garden also known as rockery garden, is a type of garden that features uses of stones and rocks along with plants native to rocky environments. Chandigarh is a modern city, built in a 1950s from a design by the french architect Le Corbusier. It is a monument of international importance which express this global problem through imagination and beauty. Chand used thrown away and industrial waste items everyday.

In the Chandigarh Rock garden is perhaps the most world's curious. It was created by Shri Nek Chand Saini, a resident of the city in 1958. He belongs to the Gurdaspur district in Punjab province. The urban waste material such as mute rocks turned into art objects and broken plugs, waste bottles, saucers, plates was turned into creative patterns. The rock garden is visited by over 5000 people daily.

Rose Garden

Rose Gareden is situated in the Sector 16 Chandigarh. It was created by Nek Chand Saini, a resident of the city in 1985. Every year there is a rose festival in Rose Garden. Many people come from different places to this festival. Rose Garden is well decorated with different kinds of flowers. In the festival there are different kinds of stalls like popkorns, ice cream, tickis and many more. The festival of garden (Rose Festival) the mega event of the U.T.

Shopping Center

Shopping Center is located in sector 17. A scene in a market is very interesting. Although the market is quite spacious, it is always full of rush andtraffic especially in the evening. There are footpaths on both sides of the market for the pedestrians. Sector 17 is the main shopping center of the city.

Specially, in the afternoon when the school children come home from their schools, they go on observing things of their interest displayed by the shopkeepers in the display windows.In the evening they come with their parents and insist on buying some article or the other. Then they would visit some eating place or a restaurant. On holidays and other days off the market is overcrowded with people especially students.They all look for latest varieties of all things.

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